What is Diwali?
Diwali is a festival of socio-religious and spiritual light, celebrated on 15th day of the dark fortnight in the auspicious Hindu month of Kartik amavasya which falls on the no moon day in the month of October/November in English calendar. Diwali denotes lights, delight, grandeur, brightness, and happiness and is celebrated with eager enjoyment by all Indians all over the world.
When is Diwali?
Diwali 2022 Date
Diwali puja comes 20 days after the popular festival of Dussehra or Vijaya Dashmi. Diwali date 2022 is Monday day, 24th October.
Diwali Puja and Rituals
Diwali puja and rituals consist of religious ceremonies with 5 days puja as a whole, in which main diwali puja of ganesh-lakshmi is carried out on the third day. The festival actually runs for five days, beginning with Dhanteras, Narak Chaturdasi- Choti diwali, Lakshmi Puja, Govardhan Puja, Bhai Duj although the main celebrations happen on the third day i.e. Lakshmi puja/Diwali. People celebrate each of these five days with true religious zeal. The peculiarity of this festival is its harmony of five varied philosophies, with each day to a specific thought which will elate and enrich the individual’s life.
First day of Deepavali 2022- Dhanteras or Yamadeepdaan
The first day festival, Dhanteras, is also called as Dhantrayodashi or Dhanwantari Triodasi. It falls on the thirteenth lunar day of Krishna Paksha in the Hindu month of kartik (October/November) and takes place two days before Diwali, in honor of Lord Dhanavantri, the physician of the gods and an incarnation of Vishnu. Dhan means “wealth” and on this day, Goddess Lakshmi is worshipped for a contented state of being happy, healthy and prosperous. The Day of Dhanteras is also known as the day of “YAMADEEPDAAN” and lamps are kept burning throughout the night in reverential adoration to Yam, the god of death. It is considered auspicious to purchase gold or silver articles or at least one or two new utensils on this auspicious day.
Mahavidhya conducts Special Dhanteras Puja for each individual to get them prevention from diseases, protection from evil spirits and worship for peace and prosperity. The expenses of special dhanteras puja are 15000 INR. Click to read more about dhanteras puja.
Second Day of Deepavali- Narak Chaturdashi or Kali Chaudas
Narak Chaturdasi is celebrated on the 14th day of the dark half of kartik month, It is also known as Kali Chaudas. Kali means Dark (evil) and Chaudas – Fourteenth. Kali Chaudas is the day allotted for the worship of Maha-Kali or Shakti. Those who are into tantra, learn their ‘mantras’ on this day. The rituals of Kali Choudas was originated much before the origin of diwali as a puja to kuldevi of the individual families, villagers, as the local goddess to whom the people carried out their puja rituals and offered prasadam in order to protect themselves from evil spirits. Some families also offer food to their forefathers on this day. House is lit with oil lamps during the evening. This is the second day before Diwali and is also celebrated as Choti Diwali or small Diwali. Lights are lit in smaller numbers and fewer crackers burst. Colored rangoli is drawn in the doorway and courtyard. Special rituals are offered to Goddess Lakshmi and also to Rama in the evening.
Mahavidhya conducts Special Narak Chaturdasi Tantrik Puja for each individual to protect the person suffering from chronic and acute illness or to avoid untimely death/akaal mrityu. Mahavidhya also initiate tantrik mantra on this night to the individuals who seek to learn tantra and for tantra beginners. Expenses of special Narak Chaturdasi puja are 15000 INR. Click to read detail puja and rituals on narak chaturdashi.
The Third Day of Deepavali Rituals- Laxmi Ganesh Puja
This is the most important day of the five-day celebrations. Deepavali puja is a worship and praise of Mahalakshmi and Lord Ganesha. We show respect towards Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity and worshipping Lord Ganesha during the festival will remove all obstacles and bring Good luck with Prosperity to the family. During the tradition of Diwali Puja, special offerings are paid to Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha, the Nine Planets to seek blessings and good fortune for all family members. Lakshmi is the goddess of light, beauty, good fortune, and wealth. While Laxmi is generally worshiped to achieve success, she does not reside with anyone who is disinclined to work and wish her only as wealth. Ganesh pooja plays prime importance on this auspicious occasion of Diwali as he is to be worshiped in all pujas before any other god or goddess. Ganesh shares the altar with mata Lakshmi. Shri Ganesh is considered as the god of good commencements and the eradicator of obstacles.
Deepavali Puja is a collective puja of five deities: Ganesha is worshiped at the beginning; Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped in her three forms – Mahalakshmi (the goddess of wealth and money), Mahasaraswati (the goddess of learning), and Mahakali(protector and remover of evil elements); Kubera (the treasurer of the gods). All the five deities are worshipped for full most important five days with strong celebrations with the use of colors, firecrackers, the lighting of lamps, delicious sweets and new clothes.
Mahavidhya conducts Specific Laxmi Ganesh Tantrik Puja for each individual to gain immense wealth and prosperity. Expenses for special diwali lakshmi puja mantra are 15000 INR.
The fourth day of Deepavali- Govardhan Puja and Annakoot
Goverdhan puja is performed on the fourth day of Diwali. Govardhan is a small hillock in Braj, near Mathura. On this day, people build hillocks of cow dung and adorn them with flowers and worship them. This festival commemorates the lifting of Mount Govardhan by Lord Krishna. Annakoot is also celebrated on this day, which means ‘mountain of food’. Some people wake up for the whole night and cook fifty-six(chappan bhog) or 108 different types of food for the bhog (the offering of food) to Krishna.
Mahavidhya conducts Special Tantrik Vidhi Goverdhan Puja and Annakoot on this day which eradicates poverty and mitigates sufferings. Expenses of special Goverdhan Puja are 15000 INR. Click to read more information on govardhan puja.
Muhurat Puja – the fourth day of Deepavali rituals
Muharat pujan is also organized on the fourth day of Diwali. Muharat Pujan is taken upon as a puja that is auspicious for starting any new venture. During this puja, all family members are dressed up in new clothes, wearing fine jewelry. Muhurat puja is very relevant for everyone who is doing business or is into some profession. It encourages people to respect money and also to use the surplus income for good causes and not just to hoard it. Every Hindu household and business establishments perform Muharat pujan i.e, veneration of their books and to clean up the accounting. Stockbrokers do mahurat trading or symbolic auspicious business deals on this day. The worship of Laxmi continues on this day to seek her blessings for success and happiness.
Mahavidhya conducts Muharat Pujan for every auspicious occasion in an individuals life. The expenses of special Diwali Muharat puja are 15000 INR.
The fifth day of Deepavali – Bhai Dooj or Yamadwitheya
Popularly known as Bhai Dooj is celebrated on the fifth day i.e. the last day of the five days Diwali ceremony. This day falls on Dooj, the second day after the new moon. Bhai Dooj festival is also known by the name of Yamadwitheya. This festival celebrates the beauty of the eternal bond of love and affection between a brother and a sister. Bhai duj day marks the visit of Lord Yama (god of death) to the house of his sister who drew an auspicious mark on his forehead for his power, protection and welfare. On this day, sisters pray for their brothers to have long and happy lives by performing the Teeka ceremony, and brothers make gifts to their sisters. Accordingly, sisters also perform puja for the safety of their brothers and well being.The custom is also called ‘Bhagini Hastha Bhojanam’, which means ‘Having meal with the sister’.
Mahavidhya conducts Yamadwitheya Pujan for every auspicious occasion in an individual’s life. Expenses of special Diwali Yamadwitheya puja are 15000 INR. Click to read more details on bhai dhuj festival.
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